A tornado room is described to provide life safety features because of its design and engineering that adhere to stringent ICC 500 and FEMA P-361 standards, thereby protecting communities from tornadoes running at 100 mph plus winds and the resulting effects like flying debris and other dangers.
It is observed that tornadoes are more common in the United States compared to any other countries. Statistics showed that there are four times more tornadoes in fact in the United States than all of Europe combined. There is also an observation that the frequency and number of tornadoes reported have increased over the years, plus the intensity and strength are noticeably increasing too.
Every time a severe weather event occurs, the present trend is for more number per event and stronger tornadoes with higher winds would also occur. Thus it is observed that there is an increase of devastating costs and tragedies and damage and loss of life would accompany whenever winds of over 200 mph of multiple tornadoes would occur. In answer to these events, the International Code Council and the National Storm Shelter association created the first Standard for the Design and Construction of Storm Shelters and safe rooms. In effect, safe rooms in schools, tornado safe rooms and buildings are increasing in building their tornado room.
There are several reasons why a building has to have a tornado safe room. It is typical for a house to be built withstanding around 70 mph winds, and note that a tornado with around 70 mph winds would create damage and possible loss of lives, especially if your place or location is prone to hurricanes and tornadoes.
On record is one of the most devastating tornadoes with wind speed at 318 mph, which not only caused damage and safety concerns but also created positive and negative wind pressure, with deadly flying projectiles. With winds at those speeds, flying debris penetrated metals, roofs were lifted off, and buildings were separated from their foundations.
Codes are thus created by associations and agencies as a result of the many destructions in areas that are prone to severe tornadoes and hurricanes, encouraging communities to build their homes under ICC 500 building code. Numerous lives are said to be saved in buildings having either a tornado room or a storm room.
A tornado room would involve building sturdier walls, roof structures, and tornado safe room doors. Consequently, the roofs of the building must be able to transfer wind loads to the walls and the walls to the ground or foundation.
You can find companies that are reliable in building a secure tornado room design. The sleek construction of this firm would allow you to have safe room doors that are hidden above your ceiling thus giving you a more open and airy design.